Antibiotikans historia

Under 75 år har Pfizer bedrivit forskning och utveckling av nya innovativa antibiotika. Tidslinjen belyser viktiga milstolpar i antibiotikans historia.


1. Runcie H (2015) Infection in a Pre-Antibiotic Era. J Anc Dis Prev Rem 3:125.doi:10.4172/2329-8731.1000125.

2. Ventola CL. The Antibiotic Resistance Crisis: Part 1: Causes and Threats. Pharmacy and Therapeutics. 2015;40(4):277-283

3. Antimicrobial Resistance: Tackling a crisis for the health and wealth of nations. December 2014.

4. Sir Alexander Fleming - Biographical. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 11 Oct 2017.

5. The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1945. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 11 Oct 2017.

6. Fair and Tor. Antibiotics and Bacterial Resistance in the 21st Century. Perspectives in Medicinal Chemistry 2014:6 25–64 doi: 10.4137/PMC.S14459.

7. American Chemical Society press release 12 June 2008: Pfizer’s work on penicillin for World War II becomes a National Historic Chemical Landmark.


9. World Economic Forum: Global Risks 2013.

10. WHO Global Action Plan, 2015.

11. United Nations: Press release: High-Level Meeting on Antimicrobial Resistance, 21 September 2016.

12. Declaration by the Pharmaceutical, Biotechnology and Diagnostics Industries on Combating Antimicrobial Resistance. January 2016.

13. The European Commission: A European One Health Action Plan against Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR).

14. WHO: Global priority list of antibiotic-resistant bacteria to guide research, discovery, and development of new antibiotics. February 2017.

15. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Technical Report: The bacterial challenge: Time to react.

16. WHO: Antibacterial Agents in Clinical Development. An analysis of the antibacterial clinical development pipeline, including tuberculosis. September 2017.




PP-AIP-SWE-0042 Jun-2021